Medical Glossary for Diseases and Complications: (S)

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Signs to Watch Out for Mouth Cancer

Mouth cancer is the development of cancer on the lips, tongue, gums, inside the cheeks, roof and floor of the mouth. Make an appointment with your doctor if the following signs and symptoms occur, persist or bother you: A mouth ulcer or mouth sore that does not heal Thickening of the skin or lining of your mouth A discomfort or long-lasting pain in the mouth Formation of white or red patches in your mouth Discomfort while chewing or swallowing A burning sensation or a feeling of food being stuck in your throat Speech abnormality, wherein your voice may sound different or you may have trouble pronouncing certain words Unexplained weight loss Unusual bleeding and numbness in your mouth Loose teeth and ill-fitting dentures Persistent pain in the tongue or a sore throat Worsening bad breath Pain and difficulty in moving your jaw Formation of a lump in your neck, mouth or throat


Spinal injury

Spinal injury is the injury to the spinal cord which contains the nerves that carry messages between your brain and body. The cord passes from the brain along the neck and back. The spinal cord injury can also occur due to the damage to nerves at the end of the spinal canal. It is a serious condition which can cause the loss of movement (paralysis).CausesA spinal injury may be caused by Bullet or stab wound Diving accident Severe injury to the face, neck, head and chest Electric shock Fall from a considerable height Extreme twisting of the middle of the bodySymptomsNumbness or tingling that radiates down the upper or lower limb Weakness Difficulty walking Paralysis of arms or legs Loss of bladder or bowel control Unconsciousness Stiff neck, headache or neck painRisk factorsMales are more commonly affected than females Spinal cord injury can occur between the ages of 16 and 30 years due to motor vehicle crashes and in those above 65 years of age due to falls Engaging in risky behavior such as diving into very shallow water or playing sports without wearing the proper safety gear. Having a bone or joint disorderPrevention Following the tips below reduces your risk of a spinal injury. Drive safely Wear seat belts while driving


Sports Injuries

Injuries that may occur while playing sports or performing exercises are known as sports injuries. They may occur due to accidents or result from poor training practices. Not warming up or stretching adequately before playing or exercising can also lead to injuries. The most common sports injuries are: Sprains and strains,Knee injuries,Swollen muscles,Bone fractures or dislocations,Tendon injuries and Shin injuries.


Swimmer’s Ear

Swimmer’s ear is a painful ear infection (especially affecting children and teenagers) that occurs if the skin of the ear canal breaks. This allows bacteria or fungi to attack the ear and cause an infection. Children are affected as they spend a lot of time in water, often swimming. You do not have to swim to get the infection; it can occur during a shower or bath too. s