Medical Glossary for Diseases and Complications (A-Z)


Questions and Answers of Malaria

Question 1: Who is at risk for malaria? Answer 1: Anyone can contract malaria. People who live in countries where malaria is common are more prone to get the disease. Question 2: How long is the incubation period? Answer 2: Incubation period is the time between the mosquito bite and the first appearance of signs and symptoms of malaria. The symptoms generally start about 9-14 days after the bite by an infected mosquito. Question 3: How is malaria transmitted? Answer 3: Transmission can occur through the bite of a specific type of infected mosquito known as Anopheles or through blood transfusion. A pregnant woman with malaria can transmit the disease to her child before or during birth. Question 4: Can a person transmit malaria to others even after complete recovery? Answer 4: Yes, some people can transmit malaria even after the symptoms have completely subsided. People can have malaria infection without having the symptoms. These people can infect others. Question 5: How do I know if I have malaria? Answer 5: People with malaria usually have fever, sweating, chills, headache, malaise, nausea and vomiting. A blood test can help detect if you have malaria. Consult your doctor if you suspect the infection. Question 6: Can infants and children be given antimalarial drugs? Answer 6: Yes, but only certain antimalarial drugs are suitable for children. The dosage in children is different from that in adults. There are drugs available for prevention of malaria.

Questions and Answers on Haemophilia

Question 1: How does a person get haemophilia? Answer 1: Haemophilia is not a disease that can be spread or be transmitted to others. It is a genetic disorder, where the hemophilia gene is passed down from a parent to a child. Question 2: Can haemophilia be cured? Answer 2: There is no cure for haemophilia. If a person has haemophilia due to the deficiency of factor VIII or IX in blood, it usually lasts lifelong. Question 3: What are the signs of haemophilia? Answer 3: The signs of haemophilia include large bruises, bleeding into muscles and joints, spontaneous bleeding, bleeding for a long time after getting cut and serious internal bleeding. Question 4: Is it true that haemophilia affects only males? Answer 4: Usually boys inherit haemophilia from their mother, who is the carrier of the gene for the same, but girls can also be symptomatic carriers (may have mild bleeding). Question 5: Do people with haemophilia bleed longer? Answer 5: Yes, wounds bleed for a long time. In a haemophilia patient, the clotting protein may be missing or not functioning properly, which results in bleeding for a longer time. Question 6: Will children with haemophilia ultimately get joint pain? Answer 6: There are safe and readily available artificial clotting factors that can be given to people with haemophilia. It will help prevent long-term joint injury and crippling arthritic changes in these people.

Questions and Answers on Hypothermia

Question 1: What is hypothermia? Answer 1: Hypothermia is a serious, potentially fatal condition that occurs when the body temperature drops below 95°F. Question 2: When does hypothermia occur? Answer 2: It commonly occurs outdoors in sub-zero temperatures. It can also occur indoors when it is not sufficiently warm. Question 3: What are the symptoms of hypothermia? Answer 3: Symptoms of hypothermia are confusion, memory loss, drowsiness, exhaustion, sluggishness, slurred speech, fumbling hands and inability to think clearly. Question 4: Who are at risk? Answer 4: Elderly people, infants, children and people with heart disease, respiratory ailments, circulatory problems, depression, diabetes or mental illness are at an increased risk for hypothermia. Prolonged exposure to low temperatures may increase the risk of hypothermia. Question 5: How can hypothermia be prevented? Answer 5: Hypothermia can be prevented by avoiding alcohol consumption, eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly. Question 6: How is hypothermia managed? Answer 6: Call the emergency medical help. Wrap the person with blankets and use a cap or towel to cover his or her head until help arrives. Keep the person still and quiet with his or her feet slightly elevated. If the person is alert, give him or her small amounts of warm liquids or food.