Medical Glossary for Diseases and Complications: (F)

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Facts About Fever

Many people lose sleep and stress themselves out when their child has a fever. The following facts could help you understand your child’s fever better: Fevers are generally good for children as they help the body fight infections. A fever activates the immune system of our body and protects the body. Seizures caused by fever stop within a few minutes and are not harmful. Only about 4% of children experience such seizures All fevers need not be treated. Fevers causing discomfort or temperatures above 102°F need to be treated. It is not true that all fevers cause brain damage. Fevers with temperatures above 108°F could cause brain damage, which can occur only in extreme environmental conditions Fevers cause loss of fluids from your body and hence you require more fluids. Ensure that your child is hydrated well.


Fainting

Fainting, or syncope, is a sudden and brief loss of consciousness due to decreased blood supply to the brain. It may or may not have any medical significance, but it is important to treat fainting as a medical emergency until its cause is known. People suffering from certain medical conditions are at high risk to faint. The conditions include Heart abnormalities, Diabetes, Anxiety or panic disorders, Dehydration, Low blood sugar. It can be prevented by taking simple precautions: Avoid hot rooms, if you have a tendency to faint. Take care to getup slowly from a lying-down position. If you feel light headed or dizzy, either lie or sit down and place your head in between your knees.This will help increase the blood supply to your brain and prevent fainting.


Farsightedness

Farsightedness or hyperopia is a common defect of the vision caused by an imperfection in the eye in which you can see distant objects clearly but nearby objects appear blurry. Farsightedness is usually present at birth and tends to run in the families. Signs and symptoms include blurry vision, headaches, tiring of the eyes, difficulty in depth perception and eye strain. Treatment generally includes contact lenses and eyeglasses but people also go for laser surgery and refractive lens exchange surgery.


Febrile seizure

A febrile seizure is a seizure associated with a high body temperature but without any serious underlying health issues. They commonly occur in children between the ages of 6 months and 5 years. A typical febrile seizure lasts for less than five minutes and they’re usually harmless. They often occur due to high temperature viral fever. The body begins to twitch and the child remains unconscious for the period of seizure. Keeping your child safe, comforting him or her after the seizure and following medications will generally be suffice as treatment.


Female infertility

Infertility is the inability of a person to reproduce by natural means. Female infertility refers to a woman who is unable to conceive as well as being unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. An estimated of 48 million women are affected by female infertility with highest prevalence in South Asia. Age, smoking, sexually transmitted infections, being overweight or underweight can all affect the fertility of a woman. Genetic factors also contribute to being infertile. Treatment options depend on the underlying problem but maintaining a healthy lifestyle, treating or preventing existing diseases, not delaying parenthood etc. can be followed to prevent infertility.


Fibroadenoma

Fibroadenoma are solid, noncancerous tumors that appear in the breast of adolescent girls and women under the age of 30. They are among the most common breast lumps in young women. Fibroadenoma might feel like a marble in breast, moving easily under skin when touched. It is mostly hormone related and can become bigger during pregnancy and even shrink after menopause, when hormone levels decrease. Unlike typical lumps from breast cancer, fibroadenomas are painless and easy to remove.


Foetal Echocardiography

Foetal echocardiography is a procedure that uses ultrasound waves to detect any congenital heart problems in the baby’s heart. This test is usually performed during 18-24 weeks of pregnancy. The test is performed to detect any heart abnormalities in a baby before he/she is born. The test can detect: Blood flow through the heart Heart sounds or rhythm If the heart is functioning properly or not Structures of the baby’s heart