Medical Glossary for Diseases and Complications: (E)

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Eczema

Eczema or Atopic Dermatitis is a condition that makes your skin inflamed or irritated. Sometimes it can be accompanied by asthma or hay fever. Even though it’s common in children, it can affect any age group. Which ever part it may affect, Eczema is always itchy and irritating. Affected areas usually appear very dry, thickened or scaly. No cure has been found yet but medication and constant care relieves from itching and prevents future outbreaks.


Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorder, more specifically central nervous system disorder, that affects the nerve cell activity in brain. Epilepsy causes seizures or periods of unusual behaviour ranging from blankly staring to vigorous shaking of body and sometimes loss of consciousness. Causes are unknown although most people develop epilepsy as a result of brain injury, stroke, brain tumor and birth defects. Medications and sometimes surgery can control seizures in 80% of people with epilepsy. Children with birth defect of epilepsy sometimes outgrow their condition with age.


Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction or impotence is the inability to develop or maintain an erection of penis during sexual activity. Male sexual arousal is a complex process that involves brain, nerves, muscles, blood vessels, hormones and emotions. Hence the causes can be either physical or psychological or sometimes a combination of both. Clogged blood vessels, diabetes, obesity, stress, depression are some of the most common causes. Impotence has serious psychological issues as it can affect self-confidence, masculine self image and lead to relationship problems. Treatment depends on the cause and range from oral medication to surgery.


Esophagitis

Esophagitis is inflammation of esophagus, the muscular tube that connects the mouth and stomach. Esophagitis causes painful, difficult swallowing of food often accompanied by chest pain. Stomach acids baking up into esophagus, infection and allergies are the cause of esophagitis. Treatment generally depends on the underlying cause and severity of the tissue damage.