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Apollo Hospitals Offers Robot-assisted Minimally Invasive CABG – A New, Safer Way to Treat Coronary Artery Disease


Traditionally, CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Graft) surgery is performed by cutting open (separation of) the chest bone, which requires a large incision, use of a beating heart machine and longer recovery times. While traditional CABG procedures do have their benefits, the newer and more advanced minimally invasive alternatives, such as robot-assisted CABG, offer more advantages like using tiny smaller keyhole incisions and precise robotic instruments to perform this procedure. With robot-assisted CABG, patients enjoy the benefits of less pain and faster recovery time with similar outcomes.

What is Robot-assisted CABG?

Robot-assisted CABG is a minimally invasive procedure where the heart surgeon makes a couple of tiny (keyhole) incisions between the ribs. The surgeon then inserts a small camera and small robotic arms through these small cuts. Specialized tools are used to stabilize the part of the heart on which your surgeon must work, thus enabling the heart to continue beating throughout the surgery.

Potential Benefits

  • Less trauma
  • Less pain
  • Lower risk of infection
  • Little blood loss
  • Shorter hospital stay [usually 48 hours)
  • Faster recovery [ return to work in 2 weeks]
  • Minimal scarring

‘Will Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery make a difference during COVID-19’?

Watch the discussion by Dr. M. M. Yusuf, Consultant (Cardiac Surgeon)

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens during the procedure?

The surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. Your heart surgeon will make small incisions (keyholes) in the left chest cavity. The surgical instruments are attached to the robotic arms and a camera is inserted through these small holes. Your heart surgeon will control the robotic arms and camera from a console located in the same operation theatre. Once the surgery is complete, your surgeon will remove all the instruments and close the incisions.

How long will it take?

Robot-assisted CABG takes similar time to perform as traditional CABG. However, patients will have shorter ICU stay, less complications and quicker recovery compared to traditional surgery.

Based on your recovery, you will be discharged 48 hours after surgery. However, full recovery will take about two weeks.

What happens after the procedure? (Recovery)

The recovery duration post Robot-assisted CABG is comparatively much shorter than traditional minimally invasive heart surgery.

Typically, you will spend a day or so in the ICU (Intensive Care Unit). Fluids and medications will be administered through intravenous (IV) lines. Other tubes placed during surgery will help drain urine from the bladder as well as fluid and blood from the chest. You may be given oxygen through prongs in your nose or a facemask.

After the ICU, you will be moved to a regular hospital room. Time spent in the ICU and the hospital will solely depend on your condition and the surgery.

Most of the patients resume their full normal activities within 2 weeks after undergoing this modern, cutting edge surgery.

Why Choose Apollo Hospitals for Robot-assisted CABG

While traditional CABG procedures offer their own benefits, cardiothoracic surgeons at Apollo Hospitals offer the latest minimally invasive alternatives like robot-assisted CABG with better outcomes. The risk involved when compared to conventional open-heart surgery is lesser, giving patients a new lease of life.

This unique procedure is performed in very few centres across the globe. At Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai Dr M M Yusuf and his team have been performing this procedure successfully with excellent outcomes.

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